Key of 23

About the author:

The writer of this paper put himself in the mindset of the esoteric believer of the second temple period who saw cosmology and timekeeping as an expression of divine order. Cloistered away for 30 years with this mindset allowed the author to view biblical arithmetic in unconventional ways, which nurtured rediscovery. Any overlap with others who may have discovered the same is accidental.

The author is indebted to the hard work of scholars who ascertained the Exodus to be 1446 BC and those who worked out the LXX chronology with its variant texts. (This paper keeps to the MT.)

The author views “inspiration of Scripture” as God working with frail men, even competing men, so as to guide and produce a masterpiece of synergy, in some ways similar to the scientific method. He corners them into Truth, even when they don’t like their own conclusion.


The effects of different lengths of a year

Most numbers in the Bible have symbolic meaning.

“Twenty-three” is the number of transformation. It works in association with other numbers. It transforms other numbers when multiplied by 23.  It does this by lengthening or shortening time, (Matt 24:22; Enoch 80:2). It’s the tool God uses to multiply grace, (‘5 x 5’), John 1:17.

  • 23 lengths to 25
  • 23 x 3 lengthens to 70
  • 23 x 13 to 300

It does this by converting the solar year to a priestly year of 336 days, or to a strictly lunar year, or to a prophetic year of 360, or to the Enochian year of 364 days. What all four lengths of a year have in common is the multiplier 23. And the ancients noticed this commonality. For them, ’23’ resolved the very mystery of time. It was the common denominator that unified the sun, moon, and stars.

For information about the 336, 360, 364, and lunar year, see:

23 binds all covenants together

Twenty-three also binds sequentially the many covenants in the Bible, including demonic covenants, such as “in the days of Jarod”, (Enoch 6). (See the chart: “Covenantal thread of multiples of 23 to the Exodus in 1446 BC“.)

“23” stretches time like fabric and like bricks reshapes the biblical chronology into interlocking blocks. “23” tames irrational numbers, it rounds them like rugged rocks from a quarry.

“23 + 23 + 23, a cross between two thieves”. See, Why 666?

In the righteous hand of the scribe, the twisted serpentine 23 transforms into a straight rod of rounded numbers such as 25, 70, 300, 490, 500, and 1800. It makes sense of it all; it brings order out of chaos.

Hidden in plain sight

Because 23 was associated with an elite priesthood, it was not meant for everyone to know. It was meant for priests and scribes, initiates into the Enochian tradition. As instructed, ‘the key of 23’ was hidden and sealed.

And thou, Daniel, close the words, and seal the book to the time of the end; until many are taught, and knowledge is increased. Dan. 12:4 Brenton Septuagint Translation

But how was it to be hidden and sealed?

Apparently, priests and scribes took this command quite literally. They sealed it within the Bible itself. They veiled it within the many numeric lists and customized chronologies. It was so well hidden that after the dispersion of 70 AD it was soon forgotten altogether.

The author has concluded that those of old, both Babylonian and Hebrew, worked out the end of their era to be 6 and 1 BC. The internal evidence itself leads to this conclusion. However, most of what is said here remains true no matter what date is set for the Exodus or Christ.


  • Chapter One: What the prophets say about “23”
  • Chapter Two: How the priestly, lunar, 360, and 364-day years convert with 23
  • Chapter Three: A brief overview of the Long and Short Chronology; and how MT/LXX/SP (Bk. of Jubilees) unanimously utilize 23
  • Chapter Four: The Great BC/AD Mirror and, What about the residue of days?
  • Endnotes

Chapter One: What the prophets say about “23”

Multiples of 23 are frequently found with the arithmetic of prophetic utterances. Some may be coincidental, but surely not all.

This was first discussed in a video about the "Abraham Accord" in August 2020.

There is only a small number of numeric prophecies in the Bible. Here is a list of numeric utterances with multiples of 23.

  • 2300 (23 x 100) of Daniel 8 (expressed as “evenings and mornings”)
  • 483 (23 x 21) of Daniel 9 (expressed as “69 weeks”)
    • Prophecy of Dan. 9 is predicated upon the previous 69 years from 605 to 536 BC but is called, “70 years”. ’69 = 70′; this is explained shortly
  • “…the 1335th day” of Dan.12. The text does not say, “1335 days”, but “touches upon the 1335th day”. In typical Book-of-Jubilees style, this means ‘1334 full days, plus part of the next‘. (1334 is 23 x 58)
  • 1260 is already converted from 1242 (69 x 18) (Rev. 11:3; 12:6)
    • Examples: from the Flood to 27/29 AD are 1242 x 2 yrs, which converts to either 2520 or 2700 yrs (= 7 and 7.5 x 360 — links the 40 days of Flood with 40 days of Christ in the wilderness? From Creation to 27 AD are 23 x 180 & 60 x 69. And, from decree/return from exile in 538/7 BC to decree/return from exile in 1947/8 is also 1242 + 1242 yrs, or expanded to 574/3 BC of Ezek. 40.)
More obscure examples:
  • ‘Seven’ with 430,  (437 = 23 x 19). (I.e., ‘7 + 390 + 40’ of Ezek. 3:16;4:4,6. See endnote.)
    • Ezekiel began his symbolic siege of Judah on the 391st day. 391 (23 x 17) is often chronologically paired with 390. Example: It took one year for earth’s destruction by water, but in one day fire destroyed Sodom, which occurred 391 and 390 years later
Note: Terah's extra 60 years. The alternative extra 60 of Terah is ignored in this article in order to see the basic To create these patterns while maintaining multiples of prime-number 23 demonstrates a mastery of math. Here is an example that illustrates both the +60 of Terah and the '7 + 390 + 40' of Ezekiel.

Arphaxad was born two years after the Flood and seven after the death of Lamech (at 777). Isaac is born 390 after Arphaxad and marries at 40. Thus,  7 + 390 + 40. With the alternative extra 60 years of Terah (Acts 7:2), 430 becomes 490 years and is thus 1274 from Lamech's birth. (364 x 3.5 = 1274 with Lamech's son Noah born at 182, that is, half-364.) 

Without this 60 there are instead 1274 years from Lamech to the marriage of Esau, son of Isaac! 3240 to 1966 BC. See chart for 3240 and 1966 (MT) = 1751 (LXX/SP/NT) BC to 1446 and 1406 BC.
  • LXX reading of Ezek. 4 instead has 150/190 and 230 days! Does he mean 150 + 190 + 40, or just 190 + 40? Either way, 230 appears. (Ezekiel is repeated called “son of Adam בֶּן־אָדָם”, and according to the LXX, the original “son of Adam” was born 230 years after creation, whereas the MT has 130, that is, 1/3rd of MT’s “390”. The LXX, therefore, may be an attempt to maintain the בֶּן־אָדָם theme. Curiously, from the Seth of LXX to the Adam of MT are 1150 of Dan.8.)

(On his “left” side) And thou shalt lie upon thy left side, and lay the iniquities of the house of Israel upon it, according to the number of the hundred and fifty days during which thou shalt lie upon it: and thou shalt bear their iniquities. For I have appointed thee their iniquities for a number of days, for a hundred and ninety days: so thou shalt bear the iniquities of the house of Israel.

(On his “right” side) And thou shalt accomplish this, and then shalt lie on thy right side, and shalt bear the iniquities of the house of Juda forty days: I have appointed thee a day for a year. Brenton LXX Translation

New Testament examples
  • “276” (23 x 12) of Acts 27:37. It appears that Paul includes this information and incidentals such as “Castor and Pollux” because he sensed that the shipwreck and deliverance was a real-life parable of the future of the world and God’s people. This is why the strange prophecy in Acts 27:31. Counting, measuring, and time often overlap in symbolism (Rev. 11:1-3)
  • The “46 years” of temple construction
    • There are exactly 100 priestly cycles in 46 years, which equals 50 priestly years

They replied, “It has taken forty-six years to build this temple, and you are going to raise it in three days?” (John 2:20; also see John 8:57)

John wrote the Book of Revelation and is no stranger to numeric symbolism; for example, the “153 fish” of John 21:11.

“46 years”: The evidence for an intentional connection to 23-years is strong. There are 46 years (23 x 2) from the Exodus/tabernacle to when Israel rested from war, (see chart). And from this 46 years to the 46 years of John happen to span 46 x 31 years.  (‘1446/5 BC to 1400/1399 BC‘ unto ’20/19 BC to 27/28 AD’.)

There are 1380 years from when the land rested from war unto Herod’s temple, (1400/1399 to 20/19 BC). This is an important observation when the Seder Olam Rabbah is discussed later.

Behold the Lamb of God!

Thus, the Exodus to Christ converts from 1472 to 1600 years, that’s ’40 x 40′ to when Christ went into the desert 40 days, just as Israel did, “a day for each year of their sin”, Num. 14:34; Ezek. 4. (Also, see 3680 years from Jarod; converts to 4000.)

Christ died three years after His announcement that He would raise a ruined temple in three days, (John 2:20). Therefore, Christ died 49 years from when the temple began to be built, a jubilee that culminates in the 50th year. (46 converts to 50. John 8:57.)

23000 living and dead

The “23000” of  Num. 3:39 and 1Cor. 10:8 is conspicuous. As we shall see, “23” was the priestly number that makes right a wrong and straitens that which is crooked. It’s the mathematical equivalency of animal sacrifice, so very important when captive far away from the temple. According to the census in 1445 and 1407 BC (exactly ‘half-77’ years apart), the Levities dropped from 22000 to 23000 people, (Num. 3:39; 26:62).

Immediately before the second census, a plague kills “24000”, (but which Paul says was “23000”, 1Cor. 10:8). It was the last plague on that doomed “generation”, (Deut. 2:14: Num. 26:62-65). Phinehas, a Levite, stops the plague. God then makes a “covenant of peace” with the Levite, Phinehas, “a lasting priesthood”, (Num. 25).

The Joining of the three ‘Joinings’, לָּוֶה ,דָּבַק ,צָמַד

Let us calculate the dead and the living.

“22000 dead” Levites (Num. 26:62-65) joined with the “24000 dead” at Peor, plus the “23000 living” Levites equals 69000. (46000 + 23000 = 23000 x 3).

With that numeric in mind, ponder the “joining צָמַד” of the two adulters by the spear of Phinehas, Num. 25:5-9. Keep in mind that most who died that day were from the tribe of Simeon, Levi’s closest brother. Simeon was joined with Levi under a curse that involved the rape of their sister 460 years (MT) before the Exodus. But here the curse is reversed. The Simeonites die joined in sexual sin in contradistinction to Levi, who is released from the curse by an act of righteousness.

Moreover, the name Levi means “joined לָּוֶה”!  According to the LXX/SP/NT, the joining/conception of Simeon and Levi occurred 299 (23 x 13) years before the joining with the Midianites women and conquest of Canaan, (1706,5 BC to 1407,6 BC).

And she conceived again, and bare a son; and said, Now this time will my husband be joined unto me, because I have born him three sons: therefore was his name called Levi. Gen. 29:34

Is the average of these numbers, (22000 and 24000), and 23000 why Paul said: “23000 died” rather than 24000?

Was it an acknowledged midrash מִדְרָשׁ at the time?

As said, “460 years” is linked to sexual perversion in the biblical chronology, such as the sins of the watchers in the days of Jarod, and here again with the Midianite women, (Enoch 6; Num. 25). There are 460 years from this incident unto Solomon’s palace. It was constructed both for himself and the foreign women whom he “joined דָּבַק himself to in love”, (1Kings 7:8; 9:10; 11:1-25). (Enoch 10:10 appears to mean that the life span of the 200 watchers will be cut short from “500 years” to presumably 460.)

This is now the third Hebrew word that means “to join”, דָּבַק ,צָמַד ,לָּוֶה, and all three join by multiples of 23, that is, “23 x 13” and “23 x 20” just like Solomon’s construction period of ‘7 + 13 = 20 years’. Moreover, both censuses and Solomon’s construction begin and end ‘in the 2nd and 8th month’, (1Kings 6:37-7:1). (The Levities were numbered “30-days and older”, thus tying the two censuses to the 2nd and 8th month, Num. 1:18; 3:39).

Double brackets around a doomed generation

Paul’s “23000” likely involved two incidents of idolatry merged as one, but that is outside the scope of this study. But briefly, the 3000 killed by the Levites in Exodus 32 and the 22000 Levites of the Census commence the generation under God’s wrath and concludes it with the 24000 of Peor and 23000 of the second census of Levites. Phinehas reverses the damage his grandfather Aaron did when the 3000 died. The priesthood and highpriesthood are justified to continue as a lasting priesthood. The resulting numeric is telling.

  • 3000 + 22000 = 25000, (the expansion of 23000. 25 is 5 x 5)
  • This total (25000) plus the 24000 at Peor equals 49000, (an important sacred number. 49 ix 7 x 7)
  • 49000 + 23000 = 72000. (Another sacred number; half-144000. 72000 is also 200 x 360 and may hint at the sexual sin of the 200 watchers-angels that fell according to Enoch 6; Gen. 6. Note the ‘144000 redeemed undefiled virgins’ of Rev. 7:4.)
    • Or counted in reverse are 69000 + 3000 = 72000
    • Paul’s helper, Luke, records 3000 saved at Pentecost (Acts 2:41), and the “Royal Priesthood” began. This is an obvious parallel to Ex. 32. 72000 + 3000 = 75000. (Recall that 69000 can convert to 70000 or 75000). Acts 4:4 makes 77000
      • Luke’s genealogy also has 75 generations to Christ, and 77 including Christ and “God”, (Luke 3:23-27)
The “4600 Levites” of Davids census at Hebron (1Chron. 12:26)

The “4600 Levites” were counted about 400 years after 1407 BC when the Levites were numbered at “23000”.

  • “23000” is 4600 x 5

One might even say that the “4600 Levites” here can be added to the previous “23000 Levites” to total the very symbolic number of 27600, (’10 x 2300′ + ‘2 x 2300′ = ’12 x 2300′, like the ’10 + 2’ tribes of Israel and Judah, 1Kings 13:30,31).

Next, after listing the Levites at 4600 is 3700 of the family of Aaron so that the grand total in the Census thus far is 22200. Next comes the “22” of the faithful highpriest Zadok that conspicuously now totals 22222. This signals that “22” is the priestly variable in the list.

And added up to Benjamine are 25200 (70 x 360), and to Ephraim is 46000.

“Men of Issachar” were initiates into the Enochian tradition

Then there is Issachar, “men who understood the times and knew what Israel should do”. They numbered “200”, (1Chron. 12:32).

Traditionally, they were timekeepers. They understood the motions of the sun, moon, and stars. Evidently, they saw themselves as replacements of the “200” that rebelled in the days of Jarod, (Enoch 6). Furthermore, they memorialized this fact in the previous list. There, Isshacar happens to number ‘145600’, which is 364 x 400 — thus connecting themselves to the 364-day year of the Enoch scribal tradition, (1Chron. 6-7).

We do not have time to go through the lists in the Bible, but clearly, they were rounded in favor of mathematical patterns. It was a puzzle for the initiated. They told a story, not merely dry facts.

From these lists and other clues, David’s infamous census occurred 25-years into his reign ‘when Satan rose up against Israel”, 1Chron. 21. This was 986 BC, 460 years after the Exodus, either literally or idealistically. The most obvious clue to this is 1Chron. 23:24. It implies that they began to build the temple “20 years” later (986 to 966 BC).

From Satan, in the garden of Eden (LXX 5494 BC Creation) to 986 BC is 4508 years, which converts to 4900. This is the same length of time that the rest of the ‘Satans’ (Accusers) would be bound, Enoch 10:12. And another 490 + 490 to the birth of Christ and his census (Luke 2) for a total of 120 jubilees.

Note: The Book of 1Chronicles nearly always rounds into even numbers, of which 22222 is one example.

Key of 23: Known, yet unknown

It appears likely that the key of 23 was well known within the elite inner circle of scholars from at least the time of Daniel unto the Apostle Paul. The Babylonians were also aware of it.

Both groups considered the key of 23 as recovered knowledge that existed before the Flood, from the days of Enoch. (Enoch was known by another name in Babylon.)

New Age, New Datum

Moreover, both Jews and Babylonian scholars apparently had the same terminus post quem for the end of their age. The end of that age was determined long ago by both groups to be 6 BC and 1 BC, (although at times expressed as -5 and 0). No wonder the Magi knew the importance of so small a sign as a star appearing at that time.

Mathematical Language predates Babel and the Flood

The various chronologies of Biblical scholars and Babylonian scholars follow the same rules and because of this are compatible. They interweave with one another.

The key of 23 is the cryptic framework upon which every verse in the Bible hangs, as flesh does on bone.

Chapter Two: How the priestly, lunar, 360, and 364-day years convert with 23

Note: It cannot be stressed enough that it is the specific multiples of 23 that are important. For example, a burial place is purchased for Sarah for "400 shekels" (Gen. 23:15) -- indicative of the prophesied "400 years in Egypt".  1814 to 1446 BC is 368 and converts to 400 years -- as explained next.
Click here for best image quality. To maintain the primal chronology, this article ignores the alternative extra 60 of Terah of Acts 7:2. At any rate, the date of Creation less the LXX/SP/NT of 215, plus the 60 of Terah as opted by some chronologers such as Bishop Usher, instead puts the Conquest 2553 years after Creation. 2553 is 23 x 111 (69 x 37). And from Jarod, 23 x 91, from Lamech 23 x 73, and from the Flood, 23 x 39 (299 x 3). Thus, the 2303/1-BC-Flood can convert to 2306 BC according to the rules explained shortly. That’s 2300 to 6 and 1 BC. Moreover, this does not alter the 1380-year difference from LXX Creation that moves in tandem with MT, which in this case would be 5339 BC instead of 5494, and is (69 x 57) to Conquest with birth of Seth 23 x 23 x 7

Covenants from Adam to Sinai thread together with multiples of 23 (Masoretic Text)

In the below chart calculate the number of internal combinations of multiples of 23-squared (excluding the LXX). (“23 x 23” and “23 x 23 x 2” both occurs twice, and “23 x 23  x 3” occur once.)

Also, observe how many times multiples of 13, 15, 17, and 19 occur internally. (We discuss the importance of these combinations later.) This underscores the fact that the appearance of multiples of 23 is not what’s important, but rather the specific multiples of 23, and where.

Naturally, multiples of 23 will appear randomly. However, obtaining the probability is difficult because it’s the specific multiple that’s important. For example, 1656 to the Flood converts to 1800, thus 2300 to Shem’s death. It’s the weaving of specific 23’s with other cycles such as generations of 40, 70, and 100, or with jubilees, etc., that’s ingenious.

Note: Then there is the residual 23 that is discussed later. 460 to Jarod equals 500, and 69 x 6 to Lamech equals 420. However, '500 + 420' in combination is 920, which in turn equals 1000 years -- an important timespan in that it stems from Creation! 

From Lamech to when Israel rested from war is 80 x 23, which converts to 2000. Thus, 1000 + 2000 years from when God rested on the 7th day to when Israel rested from war! "A day is as a thousand years", 2Pet. 3:8.

1446 BC is a pillar date -- a new datum. 1446 BC less 46 years (46 = 50) becomes as 1396 BC, and thus 2990 (23 x 130) to 1406 BC, which converts again to 3000. (299 = 300). Residual 23's take on a life of their own.
Click this link to enlarge and for best quality
Creating order out of chaos

What if unruly numbers such as “276” (Acts 27:37) could transform into something identifiable such as ‘seven generations of 40 years’, or ‘four generations of 70’, or ‘three generations of 100 years’? Numbers like 280 and 300, in turn, might form still larger blocks of time with acknowledged symbolic value — a code — a language.

The ancients knew the language. Their lists and chronologies are the ancient equivalents of computer code.

  • 23 regular solar years equal 8400 days with 23/40th of a day remaining (or rounded to 7/12th of a day). And there are 8400 days in 25 priestly years
    • Therefore 23 solar years can convert to 25 priestly years
      • The small remainder of 23/40th (or 7/12th) of a day in accounted for within the conversion — as we shall demonstrate
      • Example: “276” becomes 7 x 40 with exactly 7 days remaining
      • Example: 460 yrs from Creation to Jarod (when the angels transgressed) equals 1000 priestly cycles of 168 days, which is 500 Priestly years, (Enoch 6:6)

Their solar year was the same as our modern Gregorian of 365.2425 (See, Part One: How the solar 360 and 364-day calendar works)

The logical outcomes of “23 = 25”

360-Calendar and “23 x 3

Because three-times “8400” equals 25200 days, this means that ‘3 x 23’ (69 years) is the same as 70 years on the 360 calendar (without leap months).

25200/360 = 70

  • Therefore 69 solar years can convert to 70 prophetic years on the 360-day calendar without its leap months, (as well as the said 25 x 3 priestly years)
    • The remainder, therefore, is 23/40th (or 7/12th) of a day times three
    • Daniel 9:24-27 demonstrates this best and explains Ezra’s 12-day delay, (Ezra 7:8;8:31)
      • 23/40 x 21 (cycles of 23) = 12.075 days

The Enoch year of 364 days also converts a multiple of 23 into a symbolic number.

364-Calendar and “23 x 13″(299)

The Enoch calendar has a year of 364 days, with four seasons s of 13 weeks. Seven and thirteen have come to symbolize perfection and imperfection/curse respectively. Found in combination it depicts reconciliation. The 23 in combination with 13 maintains the symbolism.

Unlike “23” and “60”,  299 is not the closest integer to a full-year difference to a solar year. 294 years is.

294 is six jubilees and every 294 solar years there is a surprisingly near-perfect integer of 293 (292.9999). This is likely why the Book of Jubilees (4:21) has Enoch in heaven 294 years rather than just one as per the Book of Enoch, (Enoch 81:6). Both books knew the rules but approached it differently.

Example in MT: from Creation to the Exodus is 2668 years (4114 to 1446 BC). 2668/23 = 116. Because 23 converts to 25 Priestly years, thus 116 x 25 = 2900. 2900 plus the 40 years to the Conquest in 1406 BC equals 2940 years, which is 60 jubilees.

  • 23 x 13 solar years (299) converts to 300 prophetic years on the 364-day calendar (without its leap-weeks)
    • The remainder is 23/40th (or 7/12th) of a day times 13. This equals the 7.5-days of Creation. (The switch from evening to morning in the calendar of Enoch creates the extra half-day)
    • This explains why Enoch lived 365 instead of 364 years. 365 years of 364 days are 364 solar years. Thus, Enoch lived 300 (299) years after the birth of his son; 65 + 299 (300) = 364 (365), Gen. 5:21-23. The Book of Enoch also implies this, Enoch 81:6
    • It explains the two-year chronological oddity at the Flood with the 600 of both Noah and Shem: It allows the code to also read 299 x 2
    • And the 299 x 6 from Lamech to the Exodus becomes as 5 x 360 years (with “437 x 2 more to Creation, and “391 x 2 to the Flood. We look at 391 and 437 next

So far, the uneven numbers 23, 69, and 299 can be converted to the even and rounded numbers of 25, 70, and 300. (The “300” appears often, a flexible number within the Babylonian base 60 system.)

So far we have looked at the solar calendars.

But what about the purely lunar year?

The lunar year, unadjusted by leap months, is still used throughout the Arab world today.

391 solar years equals “23 x 31” lunar years

It happens that 23 x 17 (391 solar years) equals almost exactly 403 (13 x 31) lunar years (without leap months) This astonishing fact did not escape the notice of the ancients. This will be explained in future documents, (Gen. 11:13, 15.)

But for now, note that “17” is a sacred compound number. It is 7 + 10. (Moreover, 17 years has exactly  230 x 3³ days, less 7²/20² of a day.) And “13 x 31” of the lunar calendar is a cursed number. As said before, whenever 13 and 7 come together it signifies redemption, a perfecting of the imperfect. And “23” is the priestly power that transforms chaos into order, the serpent into a rod –an important function when in Exile away from temple sacrifices.

  • 23 x 17 solar years (391) can convert to 403 lunar years (or the other way around). (And ’23 x 17′ also converts to the Priestly year as explained.)
    • 403 strictly lunar years = 142,809.93 days, which is almost exactly 391 solar years
      • 365.2425 x 391 = 142,809.8175 days
        • Actual difference between the two was nearly nil at around 4206 BC
    • 142,800 days is also 17 x 8400 days, with ten days remaining — which as we shall see is linked to the Day of Atonement on the 10th day, Lev. 16:29
    • Therefore, because 17 x 8400 converts to 17 x 25 priestly years (i.e., 425 priestly years), the accursed lunar number of 403 (13 x 31) is tamed into 425
    • Example: From the Flood to destruction of Sodom, 391 years
    • For “403 years”, see Gen. 11:13, 15
    • 391 is usually paired with 390 of Ezek. 4, (13 x 30), and for 437 (‘7 + 390 + 40’ of Ezek. 3:16;4:4,6), see endnote.
The Great Year of Precession is “49 x 23 x 23”

The ancients, including the Bible, recognized that ‘a day was as a year and a year as a day’, (Ezek. 4). In a similar vein of thinking, every 72 years equaled a day of Precession. Thus, the Precession of the Equinox was rounded to 72 x 360 years, which is 25920 years. The entire span of 25920 years was considered a “Golden Year”, or a “Great Year”.

Now, a jubilee in the Bible is 49 years (7 x 7). Like the jubilees of the Israelites, the Year of Jubilee is also the first year of the next cycle. It happens that 25921 years is 49 x 23 x 23, or 161-squared — a most powerful number indeed! And without the “7/12th-of-a-day” remainder, 8400 x 49 x 23 days equals the 25920th year anyway, (9466800/365.2425=25919.22 years.) The Great Year is most clearly seen in the Sumer Tablets of Babylon and intersects with the Biblical chronology at numerous junctures.

The miracle of the 4th day of Creation

The fact that one number — number 23 — so wonderfully converts all awkward numbers into tame straightened numbers, like a serpent into a rod, is surprising.

All five convert from the solar year of 365.2425 days into the Priestly year, but 69, 299, 345, 391 and 25920 also convert into the “—— year”:

  • 23 (23 x 1) years of the 336 Priestly-year
  • 69  (23 x 3) of the 360 Prophetic-year
  • 299 (23 x 13) of the 364 Enochian-year
    • 345 (23 x 15) of Eclipse-year. Converts to almost 364. See endnote
  • 391 (23 x 17) of the Lunar-year of 354.367066
    • 437 (23 x 19) cycle of Metonic lunar cal. Doesn’t convert other than Priestly year, but cycle occurs in Bible. See endnote
  • 25920/1 (23² years of precession converts to “The Great Year”

The key of 23 is the elephant in the room, and the ancients noticed.

Observations: All of these cycles show up independently in the Biblical chronology from Creation to the Exodus at least twice each. (This includes 25920/1 years from the Babylonian Flood date of 27366 BC to the Exodus/tabernacle in 1446/5 BC, and thus 70 x 360 to Abraham in 2166 BC.)

Interestingly, all seven multiples of 23 are odd numbers and most are 46 years apart.

All this is the product of the constraints of the sun, moon, and stars at Creation.

And God said, “Let there be lights in the vault of the sky to separate the day from the night, and let them serve as signs to mark sacred times, and days and years, and let them be lights in the vault of the sky to give light on the earth.” And it was so.

God made two great lights—the greater light to govern the day and the lesser light to govern the night. He also made the stars. God set them in the vault of the sky to give light on the earth, to govern the day and the night, and to separate light from darkness. And God saw that it was good. And there was evening, and there was morning—the fourth day. Gen. 1:14-19

Residual 23

The favored position is when the conversion of 23 recreates another 23 — at times taking on a life of its own. This may seem absurd by today’s standards until one realizes that good code is flexible.

  • Example: From the covenant reiterated to Jacob when he fled from his brother unto the Exodus are 483 years (1929 BC to 1446 BC)
    • 69 x 7 (483) becomes 490
    • Because this added seven years, there are now 483 to Jacob’s wedding (1922 BC), which then becomes 490 again
    • And with another seven years for his second wife (1915 BC) creates yet another 483, etc.
From 1406 BC to Christ

The 23’s continue to predominate after the Conquest.

Example: the Kingdom of Judah after the division between North and South lasted 345 (23 x 15) years, 931 BC to 586 BC. Moreover, 586 BC was actually a 115-year extension (23 x 5) from 701 BC when God delivered King Hezekiah from the Assyrian army. At that time God also extended the life of Hezekiah “15 years” so that he died 100 years before 586 BC. Notice the multiples of five.

A literal calculation of the Kings of Judah adds exactly 49.5 years and ten days (a jubilee) to the traditional 931 BC for Solomon’s death. But this, too, is accounted for. It’s simply a sub-chronology. 931 BC is then 981 BC, and thus ‘966 BC’ when temple construction began becomes as 1016 BC with 430 years to the Exodus (1446 BC) thereby producing three sets of 430-years for a total of 1290 years, 1876 to 1446 to 1016 to 586 BC, (Ezek. 4; Dan. 12).

The same is true with the Book of Judges, such as Jephthah’s “300 years”, that is, 299 (23 x 13) from 1406 BC, (Judges 11:26). This “300” also joins the Long Chronology of 12600 years to make 12900 years, (Dan. 12).

We have already mentioned the 483 years (69 x 7) of Daniel 9, to Christ.

Chapter Three: A brief overview of the Long and Short Chronology and, How MT/LXX/SP (Bk. of Jubilees) unanimously utilize 23

The most obvious patterns to do with “23” are in the long chronology. The MT, LXX, and SP maintain two chronologies — long and short. The short we know — the age of each patriarch at the birth of their son is counted consecutively. This is the intuitive way of counting years. This is the “short” chronology.

But the Biblical chronology can be viewed generationally. There are 26 patriarchs from Adam to Moses (27 with the Kenan of Luke 3:36,37). The age of each at death is added consecutively, “generational”. This is the “long” chronology.

Example: “Adam lived 930 years and died”. His son, Seth, “lived 912 years and died”. This totals 1842 years. Therefore, the creation of Adam to the death of his son is 1842 years according to the long chronology. As shall be demonstrated in future articles, 1842 is simply 1840 plus the effect of the two-years at the Flood. 1840 is 230 x 8. (The effect of the two years at the Flood is important. It will be explained in another article.)

The long chronology is less subtle about twenty-three, or rather, 230. Everything in the long chronology is ten-times larger thereby producing repetition and connectivity between the short and long.

The SP is blatant. Its Long Creation date is exactly 9200 to its short. (13400/13998 unto 4200 /3998 BC.) 9200 converts to 10,000 years. SP also has 1842 to Enosh, and thus Long-Enosh to Short-Adam is 7360, which converts to 8000 years, and thus to 9800 to death of Short-Noah (SP).

From Adam to the death of Moses and Aaron (MT), therefore, are 12600 years according to the long chronology, that is, 14006 BC to 1406 BC. (This is “10-times” Rev. 12:6). Or, with the 460 of Kenan, Creation is 14466 BC.

Enosh, the son of Shem, is therefore born 12624 (or 13084) BC. (Like the Sumer tablets, Enosh אֱנוֹשׁ‎ represents a second ‘man’. This the meaning of both names, Adam and Enosh, the tenth and eighth patriarchs before the Flood. This parallels the two principal Sumer chronological traditions that have either ten or eight names from their first Man to their Noah.) From Enosh 12624 and 13084 BC to Creation 4114 BC are 230 and x 37 and 39, etc.

Footnote: More importantly, there are 23 x 390 and 430 of Moses and Ezekiel 4, from Adam and Enosh to 4114 BC, but this is just a brief overview. 

The line can be traced through the brother of Moses as well. Aaron was 3.5 years older than his brother. These three years, plus the two-year anomaly at the Flood puts the date of the Flood when Arphaxad was born at 4836/1 BC. This equals 70 jubilees to the Conquest in 1406 BC and converts to 4900 (100 jubilees) to 6 and 1 BC (-5 and 0). (Or add to this the 460 of Kenan and is 230 x 23 to 6 and 1 BC, or 460 x 23 back around to itself in the "BC/AD Mirror", etc. 

Birth of Abraham, long chon. 2435 BC, is seven generations before Moses. Abraham is, therefore, 21 x 49 to 1406 BC and 49 x 49 to the 4836 BC Flood and 4600 in the Mirror back to his own birth in the short chon. of 2166 BC. And so forth.) 2435 BC is also 23 x 43 to 1446 BC, which creates 2.5 x 430 years, or 430 to the call of Abraham in Short Chronology!

There are always ground-rules when competing, otherwise who knows who won?

Septuagint (LXX)

It appears that the LXX and SP branched out from the MT (or vice versa ?) and is why they are all compatible. Example: LXX Creation is 1380 years before MT.

1380 is 230 x 60. Moreover, in the LXX Seth is born 230 years after Creation.

For the LXX chronology see THE CASE FOR THE SEPTUAGINT’S CHRONOLOGY IN GENESIS 5 AND 11, by Henry B. Smith Jr (Associates for Biblical Research ), 2018. His excellent work takes into account the relatively new (re)discovery of the Liber Antiquitatum Biblicarum.

Henry Smith includes the 60 extra years of Terah, but this does not change the said “1380 years” difference at Creation. (LXX 5554 or 5494 BC to MT 4174 or 4114 BC is still 1380 years apart.)

This 60 years and the 215 difference as to the time spent in Egypt are simply variations within the chronology.

An example that uses the 460 years in parallel to the 460 of Jarod: From the Abram covenant of the pieces just before Ishamael was born (less the 215-variant) are 460 years to the Phinehas covenant (1407 BC) and conquest (1406 BC), Gen. 15. However, the MT has 460 years from Jacob’s death and prophecy about their future inheritance unto when the inheritance was allotted, which was in the 7th year when the “land rested from war”, 1400-1399, BC. This was 46 years from 1446/5 BC, (Joshua 14). (The LXX instead has 23 x 8 to 1407/6 BC from his prophecy over his two sons.) See chart: “Major Threads of Covenant-Related 23’s”. The Book of Jubilees has 460 from when Abraham was called out of Haran (and Ur).

Hebrew poetry is written like a mirror, and in the New Testament, a “Chiasm”. Even prose are often arranged with one side the mirror of the other. The lengths of events during the Flood year are also arranged like a mirror. The entire Bible does this: It begins with Creation, Christ in the middle, and ends with the New Creation as recorded in the last two chapters of the Bible. The chronology and “23” is no different.

Samaritan Pentateuch and Book of Jubilees

SP Creation is 4415 BC with 460 to Jarod. It takes advantage of the 2-year Flood anomaly.

The Book of Jubilees Creation (3856 BC) is 50 jubilees to 1406 BC.

The Book of Jubilees utilizes cycles of 23 extensively, along with 49.

  • Example: From the call of Abram out of (Ur) and Haran unto the Exodus are 460 years and create a residual effect because the life of Moses is broken into three sets of 40 years, (Jub. 12). This may have been the authors starting point from which he worked forward and backward in time. He, thus, contrasts the 460 of Jarod that marks disobedience with the 460 of Abraham, God’s obedient servant.

The Book of Jubilees from Abraham to the Exodus appears to be an extension of the SP (and LXX) due to the 23-conversion.

Footnote: Deconstructing the Book of Jubilees

Perhaps, Jubilees utilized the 115 years that span the death of Abraham to the wedding of Jacob (69 years) to when Jacob and family entered Egypt (46 years), a total of 115 (MT, LXX, SP). 

This particular string of 23 actually began at the death of Noah (2108- 2106 BC, MT or 1891-1889 LXX) as 115 to the death of Abraham and another 115 to the first two years of Famine when Jacob symbolically died, Gen. 42:38; 45:26, (1878-1876 BC,  MT or 1663-1661 LXX). Consequently, the 2-year anomaly at the Flood perfectly synchronizes with the peculiar two-year delay at the entering into Egypt, Gen. 11:10; 45:6. The birth of Jacob in the LXX/SP/NT is 345 years before the Exodus, (23 x 15, which is 115 x 3). The 345 (converts to 375) and thereby add 30 years to the 430 in 1876 BC creating residual-460 of Jubilees so that 1876 converts to 1906 BC for when Abraham was called out of Haran (and Ur), Jub. 12. (Birth of Isaac to death of Jacob are 69 x 3, with another 69 x 6 to 1445 BC, MT). Somewhere in all this the author of Jubilees likely extended the timeline utilizing the effects of the 345 and 115 in combination.

For example, 115 converts to 125, and justifies Isaac born when Abraham is both 100 and 111 according to Jubilees! Jubilees add the extra year to make 111 which, in turn, allows both 59 and 69 to Jacob's birth. "69" is 23 x 3.

Moreover, Jacob is '69 years old' when he fled to Haran, that's conspicuously '69 + 69' for a man whose life is wrapped in multiples of seven years. Recall that 69 converts to 70. Then Jacob returns to Canaan 276 years before the Exodus (1446/1445 BC) and later enters Egypt with his household (1685 and 1681 BC, two dates!) around 276 years before the Phinehas Covenant and Conquest of 1407/6 BC. Hence, in 1685 and 1681 BC, Jacob is simultaneously 126 and 130, perhaps intentionally combining a perfect and imperfect number. 

From Abraham's birth unto the first time that Jacob's sons entered Egypt is 299 years, and therefore 300 until they all entered Egypt, (299 can convert to 300). This, too, is perhaps a part of the author's thinking.

The Flood in the SP is 276 years (23 x 72) longer than the MT but 504 (7 x 72) shorter than the LXX. (“72 years” is just one day of the “Great Year, 25920 years). Moreover, the spread at the Flood between the MT and LXX and SP is 780 (13 x 60) and 650 (13 x 50), stressing the accursed number. Both the SP and Book of Jubilees deserve more credit than is commonly given for mathematical ingenuity.

The span from Creation to the Flood in the Book of Jubilees and the SP is the same, 1307 years. The key to understanding this span is thankfully clarified in the Book of Jubilees. A day is as a year. There are  1260 + 47 years from Creation to the 47th day of the year when the Floods came, (Jub. 3:17;5:23; Rev. 12:6; Enoch 75:1). Furthermore, the Book of Jubilees puts the fall of Adam seven years after Creation and from then, 700 years to Noah, and 1300 to the Flood to the very day, thus combining the perfect and imperfect number again.

The Flood year (2549/8 BC) in the Book of Jubilees curiously works out to ‘seven times 364 years’ unto 1 BC, 1 AD.

Chapter Four: The Great BC/AD Mirror and, What about the residue of days?

The dates prior to the Flood and after form a mirror, as does the Exodus, but we are after the big picture. As said earlier, the ancients, even the Babylonians, understood the end of their age to be 6 and 1 BC. This was the location of the Great Mirror – -where the old is repeated in reverse order.

A host of examples can be given. Already we have observed another type of mirror, the Long Chronology of 14006 and 14466 BC shadow 1446 BC and 1406 BC of the Exodus and Conquest.

Moses was 120.5 years old when he died. This can add an extra half-year that goes back all the way to Creation. Was the Flood and Creation in the Spring or Autumn? Scholars are divided and should be because the text leaves it intentionally ambiguous.

Example: Creation 4114 BC Spring or 4115 BC Autumn. 4114/5 BC to 1407/6 AD equals 5520 years. 5520 = 23 x 24, which is 2760 + 2760, which can convert to 6000 years. Therefore, LXX Creation of 5494/5 BC to 1406/5 BC is 6900 years, which converts to 7000 years (or 7500). Given the fact that God created in six days and rested on the 7th, and that, “A day is as a thousand years”, the meaning of the 6000 and 7000 years is obvious, (2Peter 3:8).

(This is why there are 60 and 75 generations to Christ in Matthew and Lukes genealogies, respectively. It was a well-known pattern back then. Actually, Matthew begins at Abraham and Luke ends at Adam, two different linearly directions thereby imitating the mirror with 115 {23 x 5} generations between them. “-4000 to +7500” = 11500, “115 generations”, etc.)

Or take the Long Chronology 14472t/1n – 14465t/4n BC (i.e., the 7 or 7.5-yr max spread, symbolic of the seven days of Creation, to be explained later). 23 x 690 yrs later equals 1399t/1400n – 1406t/7n AD, which is the mirror of the 7 & 7.5 yrs of Conquest with its first Sabbatical year of “rest”. “23 x 690” converts to 7 & 7.5 times 2300! (Therefore, from Enosh, 6 x 2300.)

Another example: The Flood, 2458/9 BC to AD 1406/7, equals 23 x 168 — 168 is a Priestly cycle. 23 x 168 (69 x 56) coverts to 4200 years or as 80 jubilees!

Note that Shem was born exactly 1150 years (23 x 50) before the Conquest of 1406 BC, (Dan. 8). Shem was understood by many in biblical days to be none other than Melchizedek. We now have massive interconnecting blocks of time ready to intersect with the still larger timespans of the Sumer tablets.

Example of accounting for the residue of the “23”: From Creation to the Flood

There are 1656 years from Creation to the birth, death, and Flood of Noah in the SP, LXX, and MT respectively. However, in this example, we focus on the MT (of your Bible!).

Click to enlarge. MT, LXX, SP, and Bk. of Jubilees all have 1656 years from Creation to Noah. Obviously this at the heart of why the manuscripts differ. (Note: All dates in the Book of Jubilees are inclusive; the ‘1657th year’ is 1656 and a day. ) The Bk. of Jubilees, (which is based upon SP) is also 1800 years from the fall of Adam to the death of Shem, (the High Priest Melchizedek?) Recall that 1656 converts to 1800.
From Creation to the Flood are 23 x 72 years in the MT

The Genesis chronology has exactly 1656 years from Creation to the Flood.

1656 is 23 x 72 years. (“1656” is also six times “276” of Paul’s shipwreck by that storm, Acts 27:37.)

  • 23 converts to 25 priestly years, thus 1656 = as 1680 years (and 1680 years, in turn, is 336 x 5 years of years)
  • 69 also converts to 70 prophetic years (of 360 days), thus 1656 = 1800 year,
  • (and 1800 years, in turn, is 360 x 5 years of years)
  • And 1656 is 23 ‘days’ of Precession because each day equals 72 years, (1656 = 23 x 72 years)

These, in turn, form fundamental building blocks. Thus, the numbers are tamed so that they easily connect with all others — as we shall later demonstrate again and again.

Or take the SP. SP Long to Short Creations is 9200 years which converts to 10000 years (adds 800 years). SP counts the zero at Christ as if a year. 13400 to 4200 BC causes 13400 to expand 800 years to read as 14200 BC, which is 27600 back to its self in the mirror to AD 13400! 27600 (23 x 1200), in turn, expands to 28000 or 30000 by adding 400 or 2400 more years. That means 4200 BC can now read 4600, etc.

The Book of Enoch is the original source-chronology

To the esoteric mind of the ancients, all this is but the inevitable outgrowth, like a seed at Creation that “produces after its own kind”. It became a competition as to who could create the most lively and meaningful chronology. As discussed in Chapter Five, the chronology of the Book of Enoch appears to be the rudimentary source of all other chronologies. The others branched out from it with a view to compress or expand the original.

The Babylonians, Egyptians, Hindus, Aztecs, and others expanded it, whereas the Jews both compressed and expanded it using their Short and Long chronologies wound together like a string of DNA. The MT particularly sought to compress — compression of chronology is more difficult and thus of greater value, at least in their eyes.

The Seder Olam (“traditional Jewish chronology”) especially viewed compression as excellence.

In discussing Biblical chronology the Seder Olam followed three principles:

  1. To assume that the intention of the Biblical author was, wherever possible, to give exact dates
  2. To assign to each of a series of events the shortest possible duration of time, where necessary, in order to secure agreement with the Biblical text
  3. To adopt the lesser of two possible numbers. (SEDER ‘OLAM RABBAH: Jewish
Pharisaic Seder Olam Rabbah (Traditional Jewish Chronology)

The Seder Olam was authored around 160 AD — shortly after the Bar Kochba revolt in 135 AD, which is 2300 years after the birth of Abraham, and 1150 after David was anointed to be king, (2166 BC to 1016 BC to AD 135).

Bar Kochba was a failed Messiah. The author likely wrote Seder Olam in dispersion to a disillusioned audience. Further, surrounded by the perceived Christian threat the true date for the Conquest years (1406-1400 BC) with its obvious implications (1400 years to Messiah) demanded readjustment, (cf., Matt. 1:17). But this had to be changed in good conscience, at least before peers. A ‘righteous’ justification to drop the date of the conquest by 185 years was required, (606 BC dropped to 421 BC).

The drop of 185 years manufactured a sacred 3360 years from Creation to the siege and fall of Jerusalem in 588/6 –> 403/1 BC and 1400 from Sarah. (See note.) Apparently, “1380” was the tool of justification. But if not the tool of departure, then certainly the road back home.

(Recall “1656 yrs to the Flood” converts to 1680, half “3360“. Likewise, actual Creation 3899 BC is 1656 to the Flood with another 1656 to actual 587 BC.)

Wrongly motivated, Seder Olam demonstrates too much compression at the cost of coherence. Daniel 9 with its prophecy of 490 years to the Messiah became a threat. By changing dates, both the 1400 and the 490 was obliterated. Instead, now “490-years” merely heralded the destruction of Herod’s temple as starting at the destruction of Solomon’s temple (423/421 BC to AD 68/70). This compressed the era of Greek rule into a ridiculously small span contrary to true history.

But it had a strange outcome — perhaps intentional? Perhaps inspirational — inspired by the God of all grace.

The Road of Departure is the Road of Return

Seder Olam’s Creation to Exodus spans 3761 BC to 1313/1311 BC. Now it happens that 3761 BC is 138 years short of the actual Creation of 3899 BC. (LXX/SP/NT “215” in Egypt. MT Creation 4114 BC less 215 equals 3899 BC.)

3899 BC to the Seder Olam Creation of 3761 BC is 138 years (23 x 6). And from the Exodus as 1313/1311 BC to AD 68/70 is 1380 years (23 x 60)!

138 yrs from MT Creation to Seder Olam (SO) Creation

Because 138 is 69 x 2, it can therefore add two years to convert to 140. This may account for the two-year anomaly carried forward within SO chronology from its Creation all the way to the fall of the second temple in AD 68/70. 3761 BC thus becomes 3759 BC with the desired effect that there are both 2450 (50 jubilees) and 2448 years unto the SO Exodus in 1311 BC. Moreover, from 3899 BC to SO date for Jarod are 598 years, which also can add two years to become 600. (299 converts to 300).

The author of the Seder Olam probably designed the work for calendrical purposes with the Book of Enoch in mind because by placing their Creation as commencing six days inclusive before the New Year (Elul 25th), it connects the lunar year of 354 (or 355) to the 360 days of the 360-calendar to land correctly upon the New Year, and likewise 364 to when the Enoch calendar starts, i.e., ‘on the 4th day of the New Year’. The perfect fit seems more than a coincidence and demonstrates that the Seder Olam did not ignore other calendars, but incorporated them where possible — perhaps including an awareness regarding 138 and 1380 years.

“1380 years to AD 68/70” is compressed from 1500 years

The Seder Olam Exodus as 1313/1311 BC was perhaps compressed from 1500 into 1380 years (-120 years) so that 423/421 BC is actually 543/541 BC, and their Exodus is actually 1431/3 BC? 543/541 BC is about the time of the return from Exile and of Daniel’s prophecy of 490 years. (More likely it was originally exactly 539/537 BC by using 23 x 58 years instead, and the Exodus exactly 1446 BC. See note.)

Moreover, the 1380 years from the Exodus to the fall of Jerusalem (890 + 490 = 1380) is repeated in reverse. Sarah was born upon the 40th jubilee. From the birth of Sarah unto the Exodus are 490 years and thus 1380 to 432/1 BC, when Jerusalem fell the first time! Thus, 490 + 890 + 490 from Sarah produces two 1380’s by overlapping 890 in the middle, and 890 can condense to 888. (See important note on “Mirror Overlap”.) This links Sarah twice allegorically with Jerusalem. (Paul was trained as a Pharisee, Phi 3:5-5. The “430” of Gal. 3:17 favors Seder Olam including Gal. 4:21-31. Recall the symbolic “276” of Paul’s shipwreck as a likely portent of “the end of days”, consummated at the horrific fall of Jerusalem, 276 x 5 = 1380.)

“The land rested from war” in 1400 BC (1267/5 Seder Olam). Is it just a coincidence that 1380 years later construction on Herod’s temple began? Moreover, after another “46 years” (23 +23) Jesus prophesied its destruction, (John 2:13-22; cf. Mark 14:58). Consequently, there are 1380 years both to its construction and destruction (Seder Olam). Also, from Creation to the “46 years” of John 2:20 are 1380 x 3 AND 1380 x 4! (4114 BC MT and 5494 LXX unto AD 27.)

The Jews then responded to him, “What sign can you show us to prove your authority to do all this?”

Jesus answered them, “Destroy this temple, and I will raise it again in three days.”

They replied, “It has taken forty-six years to build this temple, and you are going to raise it in three days?” But the temple he had spoken of was his body. (John 2:18-21; also see John 8:57)

Also, there are 1400 yrs from 1406 to 6 BC, (1400 is 1380 expanded), thus numerically associating the birth of Herod’s temple with Christ’s. (See conjectural note.)

Note: It's hard to know for sure, but perhaps to a Pharisaic scribe, 890 can reverse to 980? Thus we have '490 + (490 + 490) + 490' to Sarah's birth that in turn is 490 x 4 from Creation.
Note: "Mirror Overlap" is another technique of compression found frequently in the Bible. Example: Abraham's life is composed of three main parts, 75 + 25 +75 years so that a generation of 100 years overlaps in the middle. The same for Noah and Shem's "600 years" at the Flood, 500 + 100 + 500; or the 390/290 from Shem/Flood to Abraham/Isaac, 100 + 290 + 100; or Isaac's wedding and death that overlap "four generations of 40 years" from Abraham to Jacob 120 + 40 + 120; or the 80-yr overlap at Moses that also produces 160 years, 40 + 40 + 40; and numerous others. 

The MT "430" versus LXX/SP/NT "215" of the stay in Egypt is just another Mirror Overlap, compressed instead of expanded and recognized as such by competing parties. But that's a subject for another time.

Recall that the distance from the LXX to the MT Creation is also 1380 years.

Conjectural note: The original terminus a quo likely was 539/537 BC exactly. 1380 less the 46 years (when "the land rested" in 1267/1265 BC, Seder Olam, John 2:20), unto the "1335th" year (i.e., 1334 full years, Daniel 12) comes to the terminus ad quem of AD 68/70, and consequently instead expands to precisely 539/537 BC rather than 543/541. (The fall of Babylon, return from Exile, and the prophecy of Daniel 9 are all dated to 539/537 BC.) 

The Seder Olam is largely an attempt to place the Covenant of Pieces "430 years" before the Exodus. Therefore, observe that 1290 years before the terminus a quo 543/1 BC is the birth of Isaac, according to Seder Olam. (1290 equals 430 x 3.) Thus the "1290" and "1335" of Daniel 12 are both incorporated within the sacred timeline along with the "490" of Daniel 9, with a bonus of 430 x 4 from Jacob to AD 68/70 of Ezekiel 4. Moreover, Sarah was born 490 x 4 from Creation and thus 490 years before the Exodus and 1380 before 543/1 BC! 

Thus, it appears that the jubilee of the exile was simply omitted (compressed) by the Seder Olam (exile of 586 overlaps the return of 537 BC), with the remaining 1500 years compressed to 1380.

The omission of the 49 years is justified because this is exactly how many years the kings of Judah have in excess of the actual span when literally calculated, (i.e., not allowing for overlaps in reigns), (cf. Dan. 9:25). The 49 years can thus be recovered by simply calculating time by adding the reigns of the kings of Judah consecutively (537 to 931 BC) and thereby reach the original 1446 BC for the Exodus via 1Kings 6:1.

Moreover, the difference of 135 years between the Conquests in 1406 and 1271 BC might simply be the 116 (of 1334) and 19 of 605 to 586 BC. Thus, the 19 years that span the three exiles were compressed to one event to collectively become the terminus a quo of Daniel 9? 

I speculate that the 23 was akin to uttering "the Name" out loud and thus was left unspoken and only inferred. This would explain why the original use of 1380 & 1334 was forgotten -- it was only verbally transmitted.

It's time for Israel to be engrafted again into their own geological tree, (Rom. 11:11-31). Return the way you came. Take the King's Highway home!
“Let nothing be leftover” John 6:12,18

The 23 and 69 do not convert to 25 and 70 evenly. What about the extra days when 1656 is converted to 1680 or 1800 years?

We said earlier:

  • 23 solar years can convert to 25 priestly years
    • The small remainder of 23/40th (or 7/12th) of a day in accounted for within the conversion

This means that in 1656 years there are exactly 42 days remaining, (six weeks). (1656 / 72 = 23. That’s 8400 days times 72, with 7/12th remaining — that is, 7/12 x 72, which equals exactly 42 days, (7 x 6).

Events in the Bible are dated from the first day of the month on the lunar and 360 calendars, but from the 4th day of the week (when the sun and moon were created) on the Enoch Calendar. And these two calendars are separated by 3.5 days (not 3) because the lunar runs from evening to evening, but the solar from morning to morning.

Creation to the Flood is 8400 x 72 days with 42 remaining

God separated the waters from the waters on the “2nd day” of Creation.

Now, God told Noah to enter the Ark 40 days after the New Year, (Gen. 7:6-12). Seven days later the Floods began so that the 2nd day of the Creation was undone.

As we shall see, from the 2nd day of Creation when God separated the waters from the waters, and also from the 5th day of Creation when God filled that which he separated — the sky and waters — from these two days until when Noah entered the Ark and also unto the day when the rains fell —  are exactly 1656 years and 42 days — exactly.

The Flood dated according to the 364-calendar of Enoch that began Wednesday morning from Creation

Therefore, from the 2nd day of Creation (Monday) when “God separated the waters from the waters” unto the day that Noah and his family entered the ark are exactly 1656 years and 42 days according to the Enoch calendar.

The “2nd day” of Creation plus 42 days equals the 44th day, but which on the Enoch calendar is the 40th day, Monday, because his calendar begins on the morning of the fourth day, Wednesday.

The Flood dated according to the 360-Prophetic Calendar that began Saturday just after sunset from Creation

However, from the perspective of the 360-calendar calendar (and lunar), from the 5th day of Creation (Thursday) when God filled the sky and the sea (in parallel to the separation of the sky and sea on the 2nd day), exactly 1656 years and 42 days land exactly on the day that the Flood began! (The 5th day plus 42 days equals the 47th day when the rains began, “the 17th day of the 2nd month”.)

Footnote: Moreover, from the 40th day of Creation to the 47th of the Flood are 1661.5 x 364 days. And because we do not know what New Year was used at the Flood (was it in spring or autumn?) this also aligns as if to condense the entire period from Creation to the Flood into seven symbolic days.

The Book of Jubilees places signification to 40 days after Creation (plus seven years), reflecting the tradition of the creation/birth of a male and the 40 days of cleansing according to the law.

Think of the convergence of properties that must come perfectly together to achieve such precision!

And so the totality of all Biblical numbers, timeframes, and chronologies synchronize just like this. In future posts, we will take one brick at a time, and there are thousands of examples! We will reveal it block by block — “1656 years” was a large block, but there are larger!

Eventually, we put them all together as a holy temple in the Lord.

Quick addendum: The Flood was in 2458/6 BC (with 290/292 years to Abraham's birth in 2166 BC, plus 760 more to when Israel entered Egypt in 1406 BC. This puts the Creation at 4114/2 BC. But 1656 equals as 1680 on the 336-calendar, thus 2456 BC plus 1680 years equals as 4136 BC. 

From 4136 BC to 1406 BC are 2730 years, which is like 2730 days, which is like the '7.5 x 364 days' of the Enoch calendar, which, in turn, the full Creation of Enoch lasted 7.5 days. Recall that Solomon's temple took 7.5 years to build and the temple is a pattern of the Creation, etc.

Other posts about Enoch and his Calendar

Bible Fractal: Angel of the Lord is "Raising the Bar"!
Fractal of the Rod of God and Pi. Click here for full image


The importance of “23 years” is also detected in the Metonic cycles and again in Eclipse years.

  • To improve the Metonic cycle, add two days every 23 cycles (23 x 19 = 437 years

The most accurate correction of the 19-year Metonic cycle is to add two days every 23 cycles. (Of note, after seven days, God commanded Ezekiel to lay on his side 430 days, which is 437 days in total, “a day for each year” Ezek 1-4. The LXX instead has 190 days, which as years are ten Metonic cycles.)

Below is quoted from Wikipedia concerning the Hipparchic cycle. Hipparchus was a Greek astronomer best known for his (re)-discovery of the Precession of the Equinox.

 In fact, an even better correction would be to correcting by two days every 437 years, rather than one day every 228 years. The length of 437=23*19 tropical years, about 159610.837 days, is shorter than that of 23*235 synodic months, about 159612.833 days, by almost exactly two days, up to only six minutes.

  • The 345-year eclipse cycle (23 x 15) equals 363.531 Eclipse years (i.e., the ‘364th’ year of Enoch)
    • Note: Another name for an Eclipse year is a Draconian year

Hipparchus also studied the motion of the Moon and confirmed the accurate values for two periods of its motion that Chaldean astronomers are widely presumed[24] to have possessed before him, whatever their ultimate origin. The traditional value (from Babylonian System B) for the mean synodic month is 29 days; 31,50,8,20 (sexagesimal) = 29.5305941… days. Expressed as 29 days + 12 hours + 793/1080 hours this value has been used later in the Hebrew calendar. The Chaldeans also knew that 251 synodic months ≈ 269 anomalistic months. Hipparchus used the multiple of this period by a factor of 17, because that interval is also an eclipse period, and is also close to an integer number of years (4267 moons : 4573 anomalistic periods : 4630.53 nodal periods : 4611.98 lunar orbits : 344.996 years : 344.982 solar orbits : 126,007.003 days : 126,351.985 rotations).[note 1]

What was so exceptional and useful about the cycle was that all 345-year-interval eclipse pairs occur slightly over 126,007 days apart within a tight range of only about ±​12 hour, guaranteeing (after division by 4267) an estimate of the synodic month correct to one part in order of magnitude 10 million. The 345-year periodicity is why[25] the ancients could conceive of a mean month and quantify it so accurately that it is even today correct to a fraction of a second of time.

Hipparchus could confirm his computations by comparing eclipses from his own time (presumably 27 January 141 bc and 26 November 139 bc according to [Toomer 1980]), with eclipses from Babylonian records 345 years earlier (Almagest IV.2; [A.Jones, 2001]). Already al-Biruni (Qanun VII.2.II) and Copernicus (de revolutionibus IV.4) noted that the period of 4,267 moons is actually about 5 minutes longer than the value for the eclipse period that Ptolemy attributes to Hipparchus. However, the timing methods of the Babylonians had an error of no less than 8 minutes.[26]

Modern scholars agree that Hipparchus rounded the eclipse period to the nearest hour, and used it to confirm the validity of the traditional values, rather than try to derive an improved value from his own observations. From modern ephemerides[27] and taking account of the change in the length of the day (see ΔT) we estimate that the error in the assumed length of the synodic month was less than 0.2 seconds in the 4th century bc and less than 0.1 seconds in Hipparchus’s time. (Wiki)

It is noteworthy that “126007 days” is 8400 and 7/15th days times 15. Perhaps this is the fraction used in the Book of Jubilees. That book was arranged in cycles of 23 as much as it was 49.

The most striking example of the conversion of 345 to 364 Eclipse years is found from Creation to Christ using both the MT and LXX. (4114 and 5494 BC), comes to 27 AD and 32/34 AD, with the Ascension/Pentecost in AD 33 the average of both at 7 x 2 x 345/364, like ONE nailed between two fallen Creations.

Leap months and weeks of the 360 and 364-day years

The 336-year cycles are never adjusted.

This is the simplest and most consistent way to intercalate the 360 and 364 to the true solar year of 365.2425. It is patterned after the six days of Creation and the seventh day when “God rested”. Cycles of 4, 40, 400, and 4000 dominate. This works very well with the Julian and Gregorian calendars. Recall that God created the sun and moon on Wednesday morning, the 4th day of Creation, the start of the 364-day weekly calendar.

Begins 4006 BC
Seven cycles of 400-years span from 4206 BC to 1406 BC. The 23-conversion can create the date of 4206 BC for Creation. Moreover, 4206 BC is itself 23 x 4 to the actual Creation date of 4114 BC and 2760 to 1446 BC!

For more information see, How all calendars harmonize in cycles of 40 years. Also, see the proposed New Years for the Enoch calendar from 1915 to 2075.

The Lunar calendar is similar. It uses the Metonic cycles that also have seven leap-months per cycle; however, it’s cycles are 19 years long. As said earlier, by adding two days every 437 years the Metonic calendar is extremely accurate over long periods of time.

Earlier we noted that the 2668 years from Creation to the Exodus convert to 2900 years, and thus 60 jubilees to 1406 BC. Therefore it is worth noting that according to the rules of the “residual 23”, every 2900 solar years on the lunar calendar equals exactly 61 lunar jubilees, (with no intercalations)

Chapter Five is still in the works!

See, Enoch’s Prophecy of 7 cycles of 490

Click here for best quality image. The Book of Enoch presents Enoch as both scribe and priest over generations of 70-year cycles


Also, see Trump, 23, and the Book of Jubilees

7 thoughts on “Key of 23”

  1. I just noticed today that it has been 4186 (182*23) years since the Birth of Abraham (2167BC/2166BC)! 182 days is a half year of the Book of Enoch. That is 4200 (700*6) unadjusted 364-day (Enochian) years! The conversion goes as follows. 23 regular solar years converts to 25 Priestly Calendar years (because 23 years Enochian & 360-day Calendar years add up to 8400 days and 25 Priestly Calendar years is 336 days * 25 =8400 days).
    And so 4186 (182*25) years becomes 4550 Priestly years (336 days * 4550 years = 1,528,800 days). Divide that by 364 days in an unadjusted Enochian year & that becomes exactly 4200 years!

    And note the “Abraham Accord” this year.

  2. Interestingly number 23 is the 9th prime number. The number 9 is a symbol of finality or completeness. Jesus died exactly at the 9th hour of the day when he was crucified on the cross. The death of Christ was a symbol of the finality of His purpose on earth. He died to pave way for salvation.

    1. That fact that 23 is a prime number is important. However, I think that one is likely a prime number — just not according to our modern definition. If so, then 23 is the tenth prime, a perfect number. From a Biblical perspective, I also understand ‘nine’ in its raw sense to mean 3 + 3 + 3, a multiplier. Three is the creative number that completes things, and nine finds part of its meaning by its relationship to three. Context is always important. So I suppose one can say that nine is the complete fulfillment of a creative act, such as the cross?

      Scientifica-America says: The confusion begins with this definition a person might give of “prime”: a prime number is a positive whole number that is only divisible by 1 and itself. The number 1 is divisible by 1, and it’s divisible by itself. But itself and 1 are not two distinct factors. … Excluding 1 from the primes smooths that out.

  3. An enlightening read! Thank the LORD! I Emailed you earlier today. Although not on this level, it may be of some interest to you.

    1. I was also looking into Eclipse Cycles. I see that is solved as well. God’s Clock is the Heavens! All tied to 23!

      Also of interest is the 4244BC Creation date unto 1898BC (Joseph at 17 years old in Genesis 37 ) is 391 * 6 years (23*17 *6), which is 425 *6 or 425*336= 142800*6 2550 Priestly years, which is a Seven “Years-of-Years” Period , also broken down as 1260 years/days (of Revelation 12) & 1290 days ( Daniel 12 ).

      Furthermore, 336 days * 2550 years may (possibly?) be reversed to 2550 days (seven years) * 336 Cycles or 48* 49 years (Jubilees). The key point here is that Joseph was a type of the Christ to come & by Him were the Heavens Created, This is one of many one of the reasons for the reference to the “Sun the Moon and the (11) Stars” in Genesis 37 .

      John 1:1 “In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. 2The same was in the beginning with God. 3All things were made by him; and without him was not any thing made that was made. 4In him was life; and the life was the light of men. 5And the light shineth in darkness; and the darkness comprehended it not.”

      1. Noticed the two with endnotes today.

        AS said, 17 keeps popping up independent of your own study into the number 17.

        all seven to convert from the solar year of 365.2425 days…

        23 (23 x 1) years of the 336 Priestly-year
        69  (23 x 3) of the 360 Prophetic-year
        299 (23 x 13) of the 364 Enochian-year
        345 (23 x 15) of the Eclipse-year. See endnote
        391 (23 x 17) of the Lunar-year of 354.367066
        437 (23 x 19) of the Metonic lunar cal. (used in Israel). See endnote
        25921 (23² x 7²) years of precession, “The Great Year”

        The key of 23 is the elephant in the room, and the ancients noticed.

        Observations: All of these cycles show up independently in the Biblical chronology from Creation to the Exodus at least twice each. (This includes 25920/1 years from the Babylonian Flood date of 27366 BC to the Exodus/tabernacle in 1446/5 BC.)

        Strikingly, all seven are odd numbers, (‘one-in-128’ if random chance). Moreover, most are 46 years apart. When the above 3 solar and 3 lunar periods of 23-years are consecutively added, 391 is conspicuous.

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